Department of Agrarian Reform

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Department of Agrarian Reform

Logo of the Department of Agrarian Reform

Established: September 01, 1971
Secretary: Nasser C. Pangandaman
Budget: P4.883 billion (2005)

The Philippines' Department of Agrarian Reform (Filipino: Kagawaran ng Repormang Pansakahan), abbreviated as the DAR, is the executive department of the Philippine Government responsible for all land reform programs in the country, with the aim of promoting social justice and industrialization.



Land reform in the Philippines had its beginnings in 1963, when Section 49 of Republic Act (RA) 3844, or the Agricultural Land Reform Code, necessitated the creation of the Land Authority. This agency was tasked to implement the policies set forth in RA 3844 and was created on August 8, 1963. Republic Act 3844 reorganized existing agencies involved in tasks related to land reform and realigned their functions towards attaining the common objectives of the land reform program.

On September 10, 1971, President Ferdinand E. Marcos signed RA 6389, otherwise known as the Code of Agrarian Reform of the Philippines, into law. Section 49 of this act mandated the establishment of a new self-contained department, the Department of Agrarian Reform, and this effectively replaced the Land Authority. In 1978, under the parliamentary form of government, the DAR was renamed the Ministry of Agrarian Reform. On July 26, 1987, the department was organized structurally and functionally through Executive Order (EO) No. 129-A.

In 1988, Republic Act No. 6657, otherwise known as the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Law (CARL) was signed into law and became the legal basis for the implementation of the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program (CARP). It is an act instituting a CARP with the aim of promoting social justice and industrialization. RA 6657 also provided the mechanism for its implementation. It was signed by President Corazon C. Aquino on June 10.

On September 27, 2004, President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, signed Executive Order No. 364, and the Department of Agrarian Reform was renamed to Department of Land Reform. This EO also broadened the scope of the department, making it responsible for all land reform in the country. It also placed the Philippine Commission on Urban Poor (PCUP) under its supervision and control. Recognition of the ownership of ancestral domain by indigenous peoples also became the responsibility of this new department, under the National Commission on Indigenous Peoples (NCIP).<ref>Executiver Order No. 364</ref>

On August 23, 2005, President Arroyo signed Executive Order No. 456 and renamed the Department of Land Reform back to Department of Agrarian Reform, since "the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Law goes beyond just land reform but includes the totality of all factors and support services designed to lift the economic status of the beneficiaries."<ref>Executive Order No. 456</ref>

Secretaries/Ministers of Agrarian Reform

Month started Month finished Name
Governors of the Land Authority
August 1936 October 1963 Sixto K. Roxas
November 1963 July 1964 Rodrigo D. Perez, Jr.
July 1964 December 1965 Benjamin M. Gozon
January 1966 June 2, 1978 Condrado F. Estrella
Ministers of Agrarian Reform
June 2, 1978 March 30, 1986 Condrado F. Estrella
May 1, 1986 March 7, 1987 Heherson T. Alvarez
Secretaries of Agrarian Reform
July 23, 1987 July 1, 1989 Philip Ella Juico
Jul. 20, 1989 January 4, 1990 Miriam Defensor-Santiago
January 4, 1990 April 5, 1990 Florencio B. Abad
April 6, 1990 June 30, 1992 Benjamin T. Leong
June 30, 1992 June 30, 1998 Ernesto D. Garilao
July 1, 1998 February 11, 2001 Horacio R. Morales
February 12, 2001 January 15, 2003 Hernani A. Braganza
January 20, 2003 January 20, 2004 Roberto M. Pagdanganan
February 20, 2004 August 24, 2004 Jose Mari B. Ponce
August 26, 2004 September 27, 2004 Rene C. Villa
Secretaries of Land Reform
September 27, 2004 July 8, 2005 Rene C. Villa
July 8, 2005 August 23, 2005 Nasser C. Pagdanganan
Secretaries of Agriarian Reform
August 23, 2005 Present Nasser C. Pagdanganan
(Acting Secretary)

Attached Agencies


In line with President Noynoy Aquino's "Tuwid na Daan" platform, which aims to fight graft and corruption among government offices, details of fund status and expenses of the Department of Agrarian Reform are posted on their website to promote transparency and trust.


External links