Department of Environment and Natural Resources

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Department of Environment and Natural Resources

Logo of the Department of Environment and Natural Resources

Established: January 1, 1917
Secretary: Ramon Paje
Budget: P16.9 billion (2012)

The Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) is the main department of the Philippine government responsible for supervising and managing the different programs and implementing rules governing the use and development of the country's natural resources.



The DENR traces its roots to the Inspeccion General de Montes, an office established in the country by a Spanish Royal Decree. The organization's main function involved forest administration, mineral resources conservation and land protection.

The Department of Interior, which took over matters of natural resources, was established in 1901. When Act No. 2666 was enacted on 18 November 1916, it was abolished and all its responsibilities were reassigned to the Department of Agriculture and Natural Resources (DANR).

In 1932, DANR was renamed as the Department of Agriculture and Commerce (DAC). The reorganization act that made way for this renaming also provided for additional bureaus under the department. Other organizational changes continued to take place until the end of WWII.

On 1 July 1945, the DANR was re-instituted through provisions of the first Philippine Republic. When Presidential Decree No. 461 was issued in 1974, the department was split up into two departments: the Department of Natural Resource (DNR) and the Department of Agriculture (DA).

The Department of Energy, Environment and Natural Resources (DENNR) took the powers and responsibilities of DNR and DA through Executive Order No. 131. Finally, on 10 June 1987, the DENNR was renamed as the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) through Executive Order No. 192.

The Laguna Lake Development Authority was absorbed by the DENR in 1993. This gave the DENR control over almost every issue concerning the use, development and utilization of natural resources.

The Presidential Task Force on Water Resources Development and Management (PTFWRDM), tasked to supervise projects involving management of the Philippine's water resources, was created under Executive Order No. 374. Through this, the DENR assumed responsibility of all projects involving both the land and water resources in the country.

Core Functions

The DENR's three main functions and responsibilities are the following:

  • Formulation and Implementation of rules and policies that involve the management of the environment, and the prevention and control of pollution
  • Supervision of policies and programs that concerns the conservation, use, and replenishment of the country's natural resource
  • Establishment of rules concerning the Philippine forests, lands, mineral source, and wildlife

Subordinate Bureaus

The DENR is divided into a number of bureaus, each assigned to particular areas of the country's natural resources. These bureaus are:

  • Ecosystem Research Development Bureau
  • Forest Management Bureau
  • Land Management Bureau
  • Protected Areas and Wildlife Bureau
  • Environmental Management Bureau
  • Mines and Geosciences Bureau

Other offices and agencies

The different offices and agencies that ensure the efficiency and effectiveness of DENR's projects include the following:

  • National Mapping & Resource Information Authority
  • Laguna Lake Management Authority
  • Natural Resources Development Corp.
  • Pasig River Rehabilitation Commissions
  • Land Registration Authority
  • National Commission on Indigenous People
  • National Water Resource Board
  • National Solid Waste Management Commission
  • River Basin Control Office
  • Philippine Forest Corporation
  • Land Administration Management Project
  • Environmental Law Enforcement Task Force




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