Department of Justice

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Department of Justice
Kagawaran ng Katarungan
DOJ Seal.png
Established September 26, 1898
Secretary Leila de Lima
Budget P8.6 billion (2012)
Website www.doj.gov.ph

The Philippine Department of Justice (DOJ) (Filipino: Kagawaran ng Katarungan) is the principal law agency of the Philippine Government. DOJ derives its mandate from the Administrative Code of 1987 (Executive Order No. 292) and serves as the government's prosecution arm, administering its criminal justice system. It is also the country's legal counsel and representative in litigation and proceedings that require the services of a lawyer. The DOJ is currently under the leadership of the Secretary of Justice Leila de Lima.

Contents

History

Don Severino delas Alas, head of the Department of Grace and Justice, was tasked to establish a regime of law. After the proclamation of independence in Kawit, Cavite on 12 June 1898, President Emilio Aguinaldo issued a decree on 26 September 1898 to reorganize the Department.

In 1899, the American military force established the Office of the Attorney of the Supreme Court in place of the Department. It was renamed the Office of the Attorney General on 11 June 1901 and then as Department of Finance and Justice on 1 September 1901. After the government reorganized in 1916, the Department became a separate entity. It was given executive supervision over all courts of first instance and other inferior courts.

The Department was made a Commission under the Japanese occupation. When the Japanese rulers established a civilian government in 1943, it was changed into a Ministry. After the 1945 World War and the Government of the Philippine Commonwealth was re-established, the Department of Justice was re-activated. It has continued serving in this setup under the Philippine Republic.

During Martial Law, the Presidential Decree No.1 reorganized the Executive Branch of the national government. Letter of Implementation No. 20 of 31 December 1972 organized the Department proper into:

  • Office of the Secretary
  • Financial and Management Service
  • Administrative Service
  • Technical Staff
  • Prosecution Staff
  • Legal Staff
  • Judiciary Division
  • Commission on Immigration and Deportation
  • National Bureau of Investigation
  • Office of the Government Corporate Counsel
  • Board of Pardons and Parole
  • Bureau of Prisons
  • Citizens Legal Assistance Office

The Department became a Ministry of Justice under the 1973 Constitution. Meanwhile, the People Power Revolution of 1986 ushered in the contemporary Department of Justice. With the adoption of the 1987 Constitution and the Administrative Code of 1987 (Executive Order No. 292), the Department of Justice was named as the principal law agency of the Republic of the Philippines, serving as its legal counsel and prosecution arm.

Organizational structure

DOJ Organizational Chart

DOJ is headed by the Secretary of Justice who is assisted by three undersecretaries and two assistant secretaries. Attached to the Office of the Secretary of Justice is the Board of Pardons and Parole. OSEC has six major functional offices and services, namely:

Attached Agencies

  • Bureau of Immigration: Office of the Commissioner, Board of Commissioners, and Board of Special Inquiry - act as collegial bodies and exercises quasi-judicial powers affecting the entry and stay of foreign nationals in the country
  • National Bureau of Investigation (NBI) - establishes and maintains a modern, effective and efficient investigative service and research agency
  • Bureau of Corrections (BuCor) - charged with custody and rehabilitation of national offenders
  • Parole and Probation Administration (PPA) - provides a less costly alternative to imprisonment of offenders who are likely to respond to individualized community-based treatment programs
  • Public Attorney's Office (PAO) - provides the indigent litigants, the oppressed, marginalized and underprivileged members of the society free access to courts, judicial and quasi-judicial agencies by rendering legal services, counseling and assistance
  • Presidential Commission on Good Government (PCGG) - assists the President in the recovery of ill-gotten wealth accumulated by former President Ferdinand E. Marcos, his immediate family, relatives, subordinates and close associates; investigates cases of graft and corruption; ensures and prevents the above practices from being committed again in any manner under the new government
  • Office of Alternative Dispute Resolution - promotes, develops and expands the use of alternative dispute resolution (ADR) in the private and public sectors
  • Office of the Government Corporate Counsel (OGCC) - the premier law office of government-owned and controlled corporations (GOCCs), their subsidiaries, other corporate offspring and government-acquired asset corporations
  • Office of the Solicitor General - the legal representative of the government in any litigation, proceeding investigation or matter requiring the services of a lawyer before the local court systems or international fora

List of Secretaries of Justice

No. Name Position Date started Date finished
1 Gregorio S. Araneta Secretary of Justice September 26, 1898 May 19, 1899
2 Florentino Torres Attorney General May 29, 1899 June 4, 1901
3 Henry C. Ide Secretary of Finance and Justice September 1, 1901 June 30, 1908
4 Gregorio S. Araneta Secretary of Finance and Justice July 1, 1908 October 10, 1913
5 Victorino Mapa Secretary of Finance and Justice November 1, 1913 June 30, 1920
6 Quintin B. Paredes Secretary of Justice July 1, 1920 December 15, 1921
7 Jose Abad Santos Secretary of Justice April 26, 1922 July 17, 1923
8 Jose Abad Santos Secretary of Justice September 1, 1928 June 18, 1932
9 Luis P. Torres Secretary of Justice August 31, 1928 June 19, 1932
10 Alexander A. Reyes Secretary of Justice June 19, 1932 December 31, 1932
11 Quirico M. Abeto Secretary of Justice January 1, 1933 July 5, 1934
12 Jose Yulo Secretary of Justice July 6, 1934 November 15, 1938
13 Jose Abad Santos Secretary of Justice December 5, 1938 July 16, 1941
14 Teofilo L. Sison Secretary/Commissioner of Justice July 18, 1941 November 27, 1941
15 Jose P. Laurel Secretary/Commissioner of Justice December 24, 1941 December 4, 1942
16 Teofilo L. Sison Secretary/Commissioner of Justice December 4, 1942 October 14, 1943
17 Teofilo L. Sison Secretary/Commissioner of Justice October 19, 1943 October 24, 1944
18 Delfin J. Jaranilla Secretary of Justice March 8, 1945 December 31, 1945
19 Ramon Quisumbing Secretary of Justice January 2, 1946 May 28, 1946
20 Roman Ozaeta Secretary of Justice May 29, 1946 September 17, 1948
21 Sabino B. Padilla Secretary of Justice September 19, 1948 June 30, 1949
22 Ricardo P. Nepomuceno Secretary of Justice July 1, 1949 July 25, 1950
23 Jose P. Bengzon Secretary of Justice August 29, 1950 September 23, 1951
24 Oscar Castelo Secretary of Justice January 1, 1952 December 1953
25 Roberto Gianzon Secretary of Justice August 17, 1953 December 1953
26 Pedro T. Tuazon Secretary of Justice January 4, 1954 June 4, 1959
27 Jesus G. Barrera Secretary of Justice April 18, 1958 June 4, 1959
28 Enrique Fernandez Secretary of Justice June 11, 1959 July 13, 1959
29 Alejo R. Mabanag Secretary of Justice July 14, 1959 December 31, 1961
30 Jose W. Diokno Secretary of Justice January 2, 1962 May 19, 1962
31 Juan R. Liwag Secretary of Justice May 20, 1962 July 7, 1963
32 Salvador L. Marino Secretary of Justice July 8, 1963 December 31, 1965
33 Jose Yulo Secretary of Justice January 1, 1966 August 4, 1967
34 Claudio Teehankee Secretary of Justice August 5, 1967 December 16, 1968
35 Juan Ponce Enrile Secretary of Justice December 17, 1968 February 7, 1970
36 Felix Makasiar Secretary of Justice February 8, 1970 August 1, 1970
37 Vicente Abad Santos Secretary/Minister of Justice August 2, 1970 January 16, 1979
38 Catalino T. Macaraig, Jr. Minister of Justice January 17, 1979 July 22, 1979
39 Ricardo C. Puno Minister of Justice July 23, 1979 June 30, 1984
40 Estelito P. Mendoza Minister of Justice June 30, 1984 February 27, 1986
41 Neptali A. Gonzales Minister/Secretary of Justice February 28, 1986 March 8, 1987
42 Sedfrey A. Ordoñez Secretary of Justice March 13, 1987 January 2, 1990
43 Franklin M. Drilon Secretary of Justice January 4, 1990 July 14, 1991
44 Silvestre H. Bello III Secretary of Justice July 15, 1991 February 6, 1992
45 Eduardo G. Montenegro Secretary of Justice February 10, 1992 June 30, 1992
46 Franklin M. Drilon Secretary of Justice July 1, 1992 February 2, 1995
47 Demetrio G. Demetria Secretary of Justice February 3, 1995 May 19, 1995
48 Teofisto T. Guingona, Jr. Secretary of Justice May 20, 1995 February 3, 1998
49 Silvestre H. Bello III Secretary of Justice February 4, 1998 June 30, 1998
50 Serafin R. Cuevas Secretary of Justice July 1, 1998 February 15, 2000
51 Artemio G. Tuquero Secretary of Justice February 16, 2000 January 22, 2001
52 Hernando B. Perez Secretary of Justice January 23, 2001 January 2, 2002
53 Maria Merceditas N. Gutierrez Secretary of Justice November 27, 2002 January 15, 2003
54 Simeon A. Datumanong Secretary of Justice January 16, 2003 December 23, 2003
55 Maria Merceditas N. Gutierrez Secretary of Justice December 24, 2003 August 31, 2004
56 Raul M. Gonzalez Secretary of Justice September 1, 2004 September 1, 2009
57 Leila de Lima Secretary of Justice June 30, 2010 -

Programs


See also

References

External links


Citation

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